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2018年大學英語B級考試題庫原題——閱讀理解

發布于 2017-12-19 15:53  編輯:Claire
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2018年大學英語B級考試題庫原題——閱讀理解


Paper is one of the most important products ever invented by man. Wide spread use of written language would not have been possible without some cheap and practical material to write on. The invention of paper meant that more people could be educated because more books could be printed and distributed. Together with the printing press, paper provided an extremely important way to communicate knowledge.


How much paper do you use every year? Probably you cannot answer that question quickly. In 1990 the world’s use of paper was about one kilogram for each person a year. Now some countries use as much as 50 kilograms of paper for each person a year. Countries like the United States, England and Sweden use more paper than other countries.


Paper, like many other things that we use today, was first made in China. In Egypt and the West, paper was not very commonly used before the year 1400. The Egyptians wrote on a kind of material made of a water plant. Europeans used parchment for many hundreds of year. Parchment was very strong; it was made from the skin of certain young animals. We have learnt of the most important facts of European history from records that were kept on parchment. (208words)


(1).What’s the meaning for the word “parchment”?

A.The skin of young animals

B.A kind of paper made from the skin of certain young animals

C.The paper used by European countries

D.The paper of Egypt

參考答案:B

解題思路:

這是一道詞義推測題,我們通常需要根據上下文的線索來猜測詞義,一般作者會在使用某個生詞之后,對這個生詞做一些解釋或說明。就本題而言,劃線詞所在句子的大意是“幾百年來,歐洲人使用parchment來書寫。”在這一句之后,作者隨即對什么是parchment進行了解釋,說“它非常的結實”,并進一步說明“它是由某些動物幼仔的毛皮所制”。因此,我們確定選擇答案B。


(2).Which of the following is not mentioned about the invention of paper?

A.More jobs could be provided than before

B.More people could be educated than before

C.More books could be printed and distributed

D.More ways could be used to exchange knowledge

參考答案:A

解題思路:

這是一道細節題,本題詢問“以下哪條信息沒有在有關紙的發明里提到?”。一般對于細節題,我們需要查找信息所對應的句子或者句群。本題的關鍵詞是the invention of paper,我們通過瀏覽全文,可以將這個信息定位在第一段里,細讀之后發現主要在最后兩句話里,關于紙的發明的意義,作者提到的方面有people, books, way,唯獨沒有提到jobs,所以我們確定選擇答案A。


(3).When did the Egyptians begin to use paper widely?

A.Around 1400

B.Around 1900

C.Around 400

D.Around 900

參考答案:A

解題思路:

這是一道細節題,本題詢問“什么時候埃及人開始廣泛使用紙張?”。本題需要的是有關時間的信息。一般來講,人名、地名、年代、金錢等信息出現在文章中,很容易被讀者關注。我們瀏覽全文后發現,本篇文章一共出現了兩個年代信息,分別是1900和1400。前一個年代的信息是說明“1900年,全世界人均年消費紙張約1公斤。”而后一個年代信息,則是說明“直到1400年,埃及和西方國家才開始廣泛使用紙張。”很明顯,本題與后一個年代信息有關,因此我們確定選擇答案A。


(4).Which of the following countries uses more paper for each person a year?

A.China

B.Sweden

C.Egypt

D.Japan

參考答案:B

解題思路:

這是一道細節題,本題詢問“下列選項中的哪個國家每年人均消費紙張的數量較多?”。本題需要的是有關國家的信息。與上道題一樣,我們很容易發現只有在第二段的最后一句話里出現了幾個國家的名稱,這句話是在美國、英國和瑞典這三個國家之間,作者對其人均消費紙的數量做了比較,因此四個選項中只有瑞典被提及,所以我們確定選擇答案B。


(5).What is the main idea of this short talk?

A.More and more paper is being consumed nowadays

B.Paper enables people to receive education more easily

C.The invention of paper is of great significance to man

D.Paper contributes a lot to the keeping of historical records

參考答案:C

解題思路:

這是一道主旨題,本題詢問這篇短文的中心大意。一般來講,一篇文章的中心大意可能位于文首或文尾,也有可能隱藏在整篇文章之中。這篇文章的中心大意落腳在全文第一句話,即“紙是人類發明的最重要的物品之一。”隨后第一段展開說明紙帶給人類的重要意義體現在哪些方面,第二段和第三段通過紙的消費數量和在人類以前使用什么工具來記載的。所以,在四個選項當中,選項A, B, D都只是反映了紙的發明帶給人類的某些方面的重要性,過于具體,范圍太小,而選項C則總結概括出了文章的中心大意,所以正確答案是C。



Practice makes perfect. 多多練習,考試才能獲得好成績哦!

更多關于大學英語B的考試題庫練習在這里>>>大學英語B考試試題題庫


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