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Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

Section A
Directions : In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

    Half of your brain stays alert and prepared for danger when you sleep in a new place. a study has revealed. This phenomenon is often   26   to as the "first-night-effect". Researchers from Brown University found that a network in the left hemisphere of the brain "remained more active" than the network in the right side of the brain. Playing sounds into the right ears (stimulating the left hemisphere) of  27  was more likely to wake them up than if the noises were played into their left ears.                         

    It was  28   observed that the left side of the brain was more active during deep sleep.When the researchers repeated the laboratory experiment on the second and third nights they found the left hemisphere could not be stimulated in the same way during deep sleep. The researchers explained that the study demonstrated when we are in a   29 environment the brain partly remains alert so that humans can defend themselves against any   30   danger.

    The researchers believe this is the first time that the "first-night-effect" of different brain states has been  31   in humans. It isn't, however, the first time it has ever been seen. Some animal   32   also display this phenomenon. For example, dolphins, as well as other   33 animals, shut down one hemisphere of the brain when they go to sleep. A previous study noted

that dolphins always  34   control their breathing. Without keeping the brain active while sleeping, they would probably drown. But, as the human study suggests, another reason for dolphins keeping their eyes open uring sleep is that they can look out for 35   while asleep. It also keeps their physiological processes working.

A. classified

B. consciously

C. dramatically

D. exotic

E. identified

F. inherent

G. marine

H. novel

I. potential

J. predators

K. referred

L. species

M. specifically

N. varieties

0. volunteers


1.[選詞填空]
    • 解題思路:空格位于賓語從句中.且該賓語從句主謂結構齊全,因此可知該處應填入副詞。備選項為B)consciously和C) dramatically.此處指“有意識地控制自己的呼吸一而非“戲劇化地控制呼”故答案為B
    2.[選詞填空]
      • 解題思路:空格位于It + 主語從句的主句中,該主句的主謂齊全,因此應填入副詞。備選項有B) consciously. C)dramatically及 M) specifically.而“有意識地觀察”和“戲劇性地觀察”都不符合漢語表達習慣,故答案為specifically“特別地”
      3.[選詞填空]
        • 解題思路:空格位于名詞animal,之前,可填入形容詞作定語修飾該名詞。本句以海豚為例.而海豚屬于海洋動物中的一種.故選G) marine"海洋的”。備選項中,A) classified“分類的”.D) exotic“奇異的”和F) inherent"內在的,困有的”均不符合文愈.故排除。
        4.[選詞填空]
          • 解題思路:空格位于主語animal之后,謂語動詞display之前,由此可知應填入名詞的復數形式.備選項中,J)predator "捕食者“ 和 N)varieties“多樣性”與此處文意不符,故排除。只有L)species“種類,類別”符合文意.
          5.[選詞填空]
            • 解題思路:空格位于系動詞i,之后.介詞to之前,初步判斷此處可填人動詞的過去分詞.構成被動語態·且此動詞還能和to構成固定搭配.備選動詞過去分詞有A) classified. E) identified及K) referred.又因為classified和、identified不能與to搭配,故排除.答案為referred"涉及,談到" be referred to as...愈為“被作為……而提及"
            6.[選詞填空]
              • 解題思路:J)空格位于動詞短語look out for“提防”之后,此處應填入名詞。備選項為J)predators “捕食者”和N)varieties“多樣性”。“提防多樣性”,不符合文意識.故排除。答案為J)
              7.[選詞填空]
                • 解題思路:空格位于不定冠詞a之后,名詞environment之前,應填入形容詞修飾名詞。全文談論的是睡眠的.第一夜效應”,強閱了在陌生地方睡第一夜時發生的情況,此處所強調的是“新”。D) exotic'奇異的.更偏重于“來自異國他鄉” 不符合文意,故排除.而H) novel"新奇的.新穎的”符合文意,因此答案為H。
                8.[選詞填空]
                  • 解題思路:空格位于介聞of之后,應填入名詞.表示所屬關系。從上下文可知,此處談論的是一個實臉,從常識判斷,該實臉的今與者應該是“人或動物二因此答案為O) volunteers"志愿者”。
                  9.[選詞填空]
                    • 解題思路:空格位于has been之后.應填入動詞的過去分詞,構成現在完成時的被動語態,備選項中A) classified 表示“被分類的”不符合文意.故排除.E)identified表示“被識別的”符合上下文語境,故為答案。
                    10.[選詞填空]
                      • 解題思路:空格位于名詞danger之前,此處可填入形容詞作定語修飾名詞。大腦保持警覺的目的是便于人們能夠抵抗危臉.備選形容詞中.A) classified “分類的”D) exotic"奇異的”,F) inherent。內在的.固有的·和G) marine,“海洋的”均與原文內容無關.故排除.故等案為I) potential"潛在的”
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                      • 參考答案:B,M,G,L,K,J,H,O,E,I
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