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試題內容

   They go to one of the world’s most prestigious universities and pride themselves on their (1) intellect but almost half of Cambridge students admit they are not immune from the temptation to cheat and (2) essays they find on Google, a survey suggests.

   The results of an anonymous online poll of more than 1,000 students (3) by the student newspaper Varsity found that 49 percent of undergraduates pass other people’s work off as their own at some point during their university (4) . Only 5 percent said they had (5) been caught plagiarising (剽竊).

Academics in universities across the country have been (6) by their peers of turning a blind eye to the practice to (7) their institutions climb national and international rankings.

   One student told Varsity: "Sometimes, when I am really fed up, I Google the essay title, copy and throw everything on to a blank word (8) and jiggle the order a bit. They usually end up being the best essays."

   Law students were most prone to plagiarism with 62 percent of those questioned (9 to breaking university rules.

   Robert Foley, a professor in biological anthropology at King’s College Cambridge, said: "It is a depressing set of statistics."

  A university spokesman told Varsity that it regarded plagiarism as a "serious and potentially disciplinary offence which can lead to failure to obtain, or withdrawal of a degree." He said the university was planning to introduce (10) software to crack down on the problem.

A. demonstrate
B. submit
C. career
D. semester
E. actually

F. finally
G. ensure
H. conducted
I. detection
J. document

K. promote
L. accused
M. confess
N. admitting
O. superior

1.[選詞填空]
    • 解題思路:此處需要一個動詞。參見上題的句意可知此處應該用ensure一詞,故選G。
    2.[選詞填空]
      • 解題思路:此處需要一個名詞作介詞賓語。根據句意可知:作弊可能帶來的后果是得不到學位或將已經頒發的學位收回,所以應該用degree,而不是scholarship,故選I。
      3.[選詞填空]
        • 解題思路:從語法結構上判斷,此處應該是過去分詞短語作定語,修飾online poll,從詞意和句意上排除accused,故選H。
        4.[選詞填空]
          • 解題思路:此處需要一個名詞作賓語。與essay相關的名詞,只有title,此處意為“把論文的題目輸入到Google搜索引擎里面搜索相關的文章”。故選D。
          5.[選詞填空]
            • 解題思路:此處需要一個現在分詞作作賓補足語。從語法結構上判斷,此處是with的復合結構,因為賓語與賓補之間是主動關系,因此用現在分詞admitting(with+賓語+現在分詞),故選N。
            6.[選詞填空]
              • 解題思路:此處需要一個名詞作介詞賓語。此處的“a blank word document”意為“一個空白word文檔”,故選J。
              7.[選詞填空]
                • 解題思路:此處需要一個過去分詞。此句意為“全國各地多所大學的教員被同行指責為確保本大學在全國和世界范圍內排名的攀升而對作弊行為置若罔聞”,結合第2小題,進一步確認此處應該填accused,故選L。
                8.[選詞填空]
                  • 解題思路:從語法結構上判斷,此處應填一個形容詞作定語,修飾online poll。結合選項可知:只有scholarship符合句意,意為“針對l000多名學生的在線匿名調查”,故選O。
                  9.[選詞填空]
                    • 解題思路:此處需要一個名詞作介詞賓語。調查顯示,49%的本科生在整個大學期間有不同程度的剽竊行為,故選C。
                    10.[選詞填空]
                      • 解題思路:從語法結構上判斷,此處需要一個副詞作狀語修飾動詞catch,此部分意為“僅有百分之五的學生說他們的剽竊行為被真正揭發”,故選E。
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                      • 參考答案:G,I,H,D,N,J,L,O,C,E
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