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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
試題內容

 “Tear’em apart!…Kill the fool!…Murder the referee(裁判)!”
 These are common remarks one may hear at various sporting events. At the time they are made,they may seem innocent enough. But let’s not kid ourselves. They have been known to influence behavior in such a way as to lead to real bloodshed. Volumes have been written about the way words affect us. It has been shown that words having certain connotations(含義)may cause us to react in ways quite foreign to what we consider to be our usual humanistic behavior. I see the term “opponent” as one of those words. Perhaps the time has come to delete it from sports terms.
 The dictionary meaning of the term “opponent” is “adversary”;“enemy”: “one who opposes your interests”. Thus,when a player meets an opponent,he or she may tend to treat that opponent as an enemy. At such times,winning may dominate one’s intellect’ and every action,no matter how gross,may be considered justifiable. I recall all incident in a handball game when a referee refused a player’s request for a time out for a glove change because he did not consider them wet enough. The player proceeded to rub his gloves across his wet T-shirt and then exclaimed, “Are they wet enough now?”
 In the heat of battle,players have been observed to throw themselves across the court without considering the consequences that such a move might have on anyone in their way. I have also witnessed a player reacting to his opponents intentional and illegal blocking by deliberately hitting him with the ball as hard as he could during the course of play off the court,they are good friends. Does that make any sense? It certainly gives proof of a court attitude which departs from normal behavior.
 Therefore,I believe it is time we elevated(提升)the game to-the level where it belongs,thereby setting an example to the rest of the sporting world. Replacing the term “opponent” with “associate” could be an ideal way to start.
 The dictionary meaning of the term “associate” is “colleague”; “friend”; “companion”. Reflect a moment! You may soon see and possibly feel the difference in your reaction to the term “associate” rather than “opponent”.

1.[單選題]Harsh words are spoken during games because the players_____·
  • A.are too eager to win
  • B.treat their rivals as enemies
  • C.are usually short-tempered and easily offended
  • D.cannot afford to be poem in fierce competitions
  • 解題思路:細節題。根據第三段前三句,opponent含“敵人”之意,因此運動員在賽場上往往將比賽對手視為敵人,進而只顧輸贏,完全不顧自己的言行。綜上所述,“將對手視為敵人”才是在賽場上惡語相加的根本原因,故選B。A非根本原因;C、D未提及,short-tempered意為“脾氣壞的,易怒的”。
2.[單選題]What did the handball player do when he was not allowed a time out to change his gloves?
  • A.He angrily hit the referee with a ball.
  • B.He refused to continue the game.
  • C.He chimed that the referee was unfair.
  • D.He wet his gloves by mobbing them across his T-shirt.
  • 解題思路:細節題。選項D同義替換了第三段尾句,wet在此作動詞,意為“弄濕”。
3.[單選題]Which of the following statements best expresses the authors view?
  • A.The words people use can influence their behavior.
  • B.Unpleasant words in sports are often used by foreign athletes.
  • C.Aggressive behavior in sports can have serious consequent.
  • D.Unfair judgments by referees will lead to violence on the sports field.
  • 解題思路:觀點題。歸納第二段三、四兩句,故選A,選項中the words指tear’em apart等粗話。選項B、D文中未提及;本文關鍵詞是words in sports terms,而非behavior in sports,故排除C。
4.[單選題]The author hopes to have the current situation in sports improved by_____
  • A.regulating the relationship between players and referees
  • B.calling on players to use clean language on the court
  • C.raising the referee’s sense of responsibility
  • D.changing the attitude of players on the sports field
  • 解題思路:觀點題。通過第四段尾句可知,如今運動員在賽場上的態度背離了正常的行為標準;通過尾段第二、三句,可知作者試圖用自己的建議改變運動員在賽場上的態度,綜合推斷,選D。選項A、C文中未提及;B過于片面。
5.[單選題]According to the passage,players in a game may_____·
  • A.kick the ball across the court with force
  • B.lie down on the ground as an act of protest
  • C.deliberately throw the ball at anyone illegally blocking their way
  • D.keep on screaming and shouting throughout the game
  • 解題思路:細節題。選項C同義替換了第四段第二句,選項中的throw the ball at替換原文hitting with the ball。
大學英語四級在線題庫
  • 參考答案:B,D,A,D,C
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